How to check blood pressure
There is no need for you to go to your doctor to get your blood pressure checked. Those reading can be easily taken by you, at your home. All you need to have is a blood pressure equipment. If you are a regular patient of blood pressure, it is essential to monitor your blood pressure and follow your doctor’s instructions. Blood pressure can rise because of smoking, stress, exercise, cold temperatures and caffeine. Thus, one should avoid those factors and take their medications on a regular basis. Read on to learn how you can check blood pressure at home.
Before taking the Blood Pressure
Lie down in a peaceful place and listen to your heartbeat. You should be comfortable and relaxed when taking the blood pressure. Do not wear tight clothes and especially tight-sleeved clothing. Rest in a relaxed position for about ten minutes. Sit up straight and keep the arm comfortably at heart level. Your back should be placed against the chair.
Taking the Blood Pressure
Whether you have a manual or digital blood pressure monitor, always follow the instructions carefully.
- Press your index and middle finger lightly at the bend of your elbow on the inside of the arm to locate the pulse. You can use the head of the stethoscope, in case you are not able to find the pulse.
- Take the cuff and slide it onto your arm. It is essential to make sure that the head of the stethoscope head is over the artery. The lower side of the cuff should be placed about an inch above the bend of the elbow. Now, make the cuff snug with the help of the fabric fastener, but make sure that it is not too tight.
- Place the stethoscope carefully in your ears and position the ear pieces get the best sound.
- In the case of a manual monitor, hold the bulb in your right hand and the pressure gauge in your left hand. Turn the pin clockwise to close the airflow valve on the bulb. Squeeze the bulb with your right hand lightly to inflate the cuff by squeezing the bulb. Now, you may hear the pulse in the stethoscope.
- Keep inflating the cuff and monitor the gauge until it reads about 30 points (mm Hg) above the expected systolic pressure. You should not detect any pulse in the stethoscope at this point.
- Slowly release the pressure in the cuff by turning the airflow valve counterclockwise. With each heartbeat, the gauge should fall only 2 to 3 points. Now, listen carefully for the first pulse beat and note the reading on the gauge, which would be the systolic pressure.
- Continue to flatten the cuff slowly and listen carefully until the sound complete disappears. Note the reading on the gauge as soon as you can no longer hear your pulse, and this would be your diastolic pressure.
- Let the cuff deflate completely.
When you measure your blood pressure, keep a record of the date, time, systolic and diastolic pressures, as per your doctor’s instructions.